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The Taj Mahal is entirely clad in marble.

The Taj Mahal (1632–1650), at Agra, India, built by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife, is considered by some as the most perfect example of the Mogul style and by others as the most beautiful building in the world. Four slim white minarets flank the building, which is topped by a white dome; the entire structure is made of marble.

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Carlo Franzoni’s sculptural marble chariot clock depicting Clio, the Greek muse of history.

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Relief on the Marble Door of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.

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The Praetorians Relief, made from grey veined marble, c. 51–52 AD.

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Ancient marble columns in the prayer hall of the Mosque of Uqba, in Kairouan, Tunisia.

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The Supreme Court building was constructed between 1932 and 1935 using several different types of marble. Vermont marble was used extensively in the exterior. The inner courtyards were made using bright white marble from Georgia, and the interior corridors and entrance halls are made from creamy white marble from Alabama. Photo © iStockphoto / GBlakeley.

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The Washington Monument was built of marble between 1848 and 1884. Initial work on the structure was done using marble from a quarry located near Texas, Maryland. The project was then delayed for nearly 30 years due to a lack of funds. When construction resumed in 1876, similar stone from the Texas quarry was not available, so stone from the Sheffield quarry near Sheffield, Massachusetts was used. The Sheffield quarry had problems delivering stone in a timely manner, and in 1880 their contract was cancelled. A new contract then went to the Cockeysville Quarry near Baltimore, Maryland which supplied a slightly darker dolomitic marble. These different stone sources can be seen in the monument as labeled in the photo above. Photo and annotation by the United States Geological Survey.

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The gigantic Monument to Victor Emmanuel was the major addition to Rome during the Kingdom of Italy (1861-1945). Apparently the decision to use botticino, a white marble from the town by the same name near Brescia in northern Italy, was made by the then Prime Minister Giuseppe Zanardelli who was born in Brescia. Botticino is a marble of excellent quality, but its whiteness does not match the slightly yellowish colour of the main monuments of Rome.